Corporate Finance – Investments and Financing

Corporations want to be successful and grow by offering better products and services to their consumers and at the same time control costs for themselves. Corporate Finance is one function that assists firms in these goals by helping the overall organization to function effectively from an investment perspective. Corporate Finance is concerned with the future that the firm is looking at and the various strategies they will employ to get the best out of it.

The Chief Financial Officer or the CFO has the main responsibility for a company’s corporate finance function. At first look, the CFO’s job may look simple and defined. The overriding goal for a CFO is to maximize the price of firm’s stock shares. This seems like a very specific goal and stock prices are readily available for anyone to measure the degree and extent of success. However, in reality, the job is quite complex when the CFO has to balance various intertwined financial factors that have an impact on the overall performance of a company and the value of its stocks.

Depending on the Nature of a firm, there are around five to ten major financial functions that have to be managed in harmony to carry out the company’s corporate finance functions. Companies that are hiring for future leadership positions in corporate finance will often have new employees work in jobs that are ‘rotational’ in nature for about two to three years. The idea is that these future leaders will need to gain exposure to several different financial functions in order to work closely with or to actually become the Chief Financial executives who have to deal with a complete system of ideas. There are two main sub functions of Corporate Finance. These are: The Capital investment Function and The Financing Function.

The Capital Investment Function relates to building the firm’s investment strategy and portfolio and the selection of investment projects. In this department the CFO works closely with strategic managers and chief executives and reveals how financial principles can help a fir make the major decisions involve in corporate strategic policy. The capital investment function can range from small investments such as individual projects such as pursuing a new market or product, all the way up to acquisition of an entire company and its product line. Whether it is a small or a large investment the company is trying to make, their strategy will depend heavily on cash flows and expected cash flows. They will be paying a lot of attention to the Net Present Value of their investment proposition as el as the Internal Rate of Return that the investment is going to give them. Firm’s will continue to be successful in their investment decisions as long as they pursue projects where their internal rate of return is more than the market rate of return and the Net Present Value of the investment is greater than zero.

The Financing function relates to how a firm will need to raise capital from the financial markets. The CFO must ultimately decide when a firm should ‘go to the markets’ and what the securities are that it should issue in order to raise that money. Investors will buy securities from the company and thus supply the needed capital to it. Investors are basically trading current cash o capital for future flows. The CFO must be able to perceive how investors will react to different types of security offerings because this will impact what price investors will be willing to pay for stocks and bonds and how much capital the firm will be able to raise.

Ten Things You Should Focus on to Transform Your Finance Function

1. Optimizing processes Documenting and standardizing processes to minimize exceptions and improve efficiency. Staff should always be knowledgeable on these processes.

2. Control environment A key finance function objective is protecting assets. Ensuring critical controls, policies and procedures are in place is crucial, while at the same time not creating bottlenecks in the organization.

3. Optimizing available technology Ensuring processes are appropriately enabled by technology and new functionality is constantly incorporated into existing processes in a controlled manner. Staff must be knowledgeable on the technology.

4. Performance management Another key objective of the finance function is creating value. This is possible through appropriate reporting, information visibility and performance measurement systems for the organization.

5. Compliance Robust compliance as efficiently and cost effectively as possible. Identify all compliance and timing, assign responsibilities and providers and monitor.

6. Retaining staff Recruiting and training staff is expensive. Retaining staff is not as expensive. Identify your performers and make plans around each one.

7. Planning for the future Considering appropriate strategies such as outsourcing or shared services to support process and technology requirements, as well as more effectively serve the organization.

8. Managing working capital Monitoring and managing working capital, especially payables, receivables and cash. Ensuring appropriate strategies are in place to minimize working capital with process, technology and controls.

9. Tax management Monitoring all aspects of tax compliance and planning, using external providers efficiently and effectively.

10. Reporting standards Following statutory reporting standards and ensuring the organizations reputation is at all times protected with respect to reporting requirements.

Judge Some Facts Before Exchanging The Money

When you will go traveling, then you have to take the things, which you will need in that place. It is necessary because you will not get the facilities of your home there and you have to be prepared for every situation. But when the matter comes to the visiting of a foreign country, then apart from our excitement we have to think about the thing first is the money. As all of us know that there is variety in the currency of different place. So, we must take the proper currency of that place as we cannot do anything without it. There are some methods, by which you can exchange the money, like the banks, the ATMs or from some brokers.
The banks are the most reliable medium for exchanging the money. You can be assured by the fact that you will get the service authentically. They will systematically exchange the currency and you don’t have to think about it. You can also convert it from the banks of that place also. You will get the same reliable service. But as you are going to a public sector, then it will take some time and you have to wait for it. So, if you don’t have the time to wait there, then you will face difficulty by exchanging through the banks. The banks also charge high rates for converting the money, then it can be expensive for you.
You can take the money from the ATMs also. It is the most convenient medium for getting your cash, as you yourself will draw the money and you don’t have to depend on someone for this. So, you can take the money whenever you needed and it is the fastest service. But there I also the problem, as the ATMs charge a very high price for drawing the money. It will become more expensive for you as you have to pay more than the normal transaction. If you think that you will get the money at a time, then also it will not be safe for you to carry so much money to an unknown place. But with every transaction, you have to pay the charge.
When you will try to go some brokers for Cash Exchange, then it becomes easy for you as you can get the money by sitting at your home. You can do it by online and the agent will come to your home and will take the money from you and will also return it within the given time. It can be a suitable option for you as you don’t have to do anything for the exchanging the cash. But there also can be a problem as the matter is about your money, then you have to be a little careful and have to know about the broker and the agent, who will be the medium of transaction. If they are not reliable enough, then your money will not be safe enough. There is also the matter of the false currency as it has happened in the services like Australian Currency Exchange. So, be careful about every facet of exchanging your money so that you don’t have to waste your money in the wrong place.

Sip Calculator Magnetizing The Investors Towards Online Investing

Online investing option has reached to a higher level with the introduction of SIP calculator. Making the calculation of SIP amount easy, the tool is handy to use as well. Let us understand the concept of SIP calculator with a story. There were two friends Yash and Rohan. Both had passed out college and were placed in MNCs. With the commencement of their career, they took a resolution of initiating their investment also. Yash was very trendy, and new technologies magnetized him. On the contrary, Rohan was simple and was not much of a techie. As both of them decided to invest, Yash did all the research online and also prompted Rohan to take up the online investment method. But, as for Rohan, it was not his area of expertise. So, Rohan relied on the mutual fund agent, and Yash went for online investing. When it came to deciding the amount to invest as SIP monthly both were confused. Yash took the help of an SIP calculator, and Rohan trusted the agent. But, the outcome was that Yash got the exact amount required for investment and the agent failed to calculate the precise amount and thus took an approx figure. Thus, for the same scheme Yash paid the correct amount that was required and Rohan had to pay a little more due to the inaccuracy of calculations.

The story signifies the importance of SIP calculator in the investing process, because the amount of SIP decides the corpus (the main aim of investing). Especially in the online investing the role of an SIP calculator is of vital importance. The investor advances towards being free in order to make the optimal use of their money. SIP calculator acts as a catalyst in aggravating the process investment through proper channel.

Features of an SIP calculator:-

There are a lot of features which motivates an online investor to use SIP calculator. A few amongst them are stated below:

Easy to use:

SIP calculator is an easy tool to operate on. The user-friendly approach is the striking feature of the tool. Providing an environment of smooth functioning and quick calculations, an SIP calculator in India is making online investments attain new heights with each passing day. The main reason of the increasing inclination towards online investment is the handy tool (SIP calculator), which ease out the complex calculations manifolds.

Using CAGR:

SIP calculator uses the formula of CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) to calculate the returns. CAGR is the most widely accepted concept for the growth calculation of investment over a period extending one year. The calculation of CAGR is very complex and not beyond the grasping power of non-financial people. It is a mind wrecking concept and takes time to understand. But you need not worry. The CAGR calculation is simplified with the help of SIP return calculator. Paving the way for quick and easy calculations, SIP return calculator has become a defining point of online investment.

Targeting accuracy:

The goal of an SIP calculator is to provide results that are 100% accurate. But, it works on the inputs that are fed to it. Any mistake in the input data leads to an erroneous result. Otherwise, the result shows the exact and accurate outcome without the mistake of a decimal place. A perfection of that level is surely a strong feature of SIP return calculator.

The Latest Trend In Doorstep Loans

These days, individuals frequently have no opportunity to visit loan specialist’s office to apply for quick cash bolster. Henceforth they begin asking financial assistance from relatives and companions that is exceptionally humiliating. Be that as it may, no more you need to shoulder the disgrace of looking for assistance from companions for banks and facilitates everywhere throughout the United Kingdom have presented Doorstep loans. As the very name suggests, finances under this cash backing is conveyed comfortable doorstep. Additionally, the sum affirmed is all that anyone could need for all your unimportant needs that look for your moment consideration.

Until the point that a couple of years back, applying for extra subsidizes was a testing assignment as you were requested to experience repetitive customs. You were solicited to submit piles from archives. Actually, it took a very long time to finish the whole procedure. The greater part of the circumstances, when you got an endorsement, the requirement for stores was finished.

Be that as it may, things changed with online machine mode that scarcely took a couple of minutes of yours. Simply peruse pages and you will run over different banks offering moment cash backing. Because of regularly expanding rivalry among moneylenders, it has turned into a great deal less demanding for you to pick the loan specialist that offers bargains according to your need.

Render your own subtle elements on an online application frame yet ensure it is finished and exact. Numerous loan specialists may get in touch with you inside no season of applying. You can choose from bargains that suits your current needs. In the event that they are happy with your data, assets may be authorized into your bank tally and you can sue it the way you need with no confinements. From paying pending power charges, Visa charges, stockpiling charges; obligation solidification, child’s instructive expenses to traveling, meeting wedding costs and therapeutic urgencies, you can do everything.

Regardless of where you live in the United Kingdom, you will get cash comfortable home as 12 Month Loans. Assets will contact you either as cash or as a check. Loan specialists will charge financing cost contingent upon your current settled pay and reimbursement capacity. Sometimes, reimbursement residency is additionally broadened. Here, loan specialists charge extra expense for late installment. Be that as it may, paying extra sum isn’t an issue as you can dispose of every one of your inconveniences without running all over.

There is all around the energy among the general population about getting the sum specifically at the entryway with no dreary undertaking by any stretch of the imagination. What’s more, the news is valid and spread like a fire over the United Kingdom. In this way, it is awesome time for those individuals, who used to go to the entryway of the bank keeping in mind the end goal to have exchange about the loans. However, now, the time has come to desert the conventional framework for the acquisition of the earnest bucks in light of the fact that the presentation of doorstep loans UK has been influenced the impact in the finance to advertise.

In this way, the borrowers don’t need to squander their valuable time in going all over on the grounds that the sum something like 100 to 500 is specifically dispatched at the home of the candidates inside round the clock. There is no prerequisite of playing out the hassle full customs. In this way, influence a call to the appropriate loan specialist with the sensible enthusiasm to rate and get the sum as ahead of schedule as could be expected under the circumstances.

How To Save Money On Your Two Wheeler Insurance

Tips to save money on two wheeler insurance

Many people in India own two wheelers. It is compulsory for you to buy a two-wheeler insurance policy if you own a bike or a scooter. But can you reduce the insurance expenses? Sure you can! Just follow these tips and you will see a difference.

Avoid making smaller claims: Before you make a claim, see how much the bill amount is. If it is a small amount, pay it yourself. Making numerous small claims will unnecessarily bring down your NCB to zero which will overall lead to a loss.

Attach anti-theft devices: A car insurance plan offers protection against theft and other dangers to the car. So if the car is found to be safe and less susceptible to thefts and break-ins, the insurer will offer a discount on the premium. Therefore look to install some anti-theft devices to the car to not only keep it safe but also to reduce your insurance costs.

Be a good driver and earn No-claim bonus: Driving carefully will reduce the chances of your car getting into mishaps. This will reduce the need to make claims and you will earn NCB. The NCB will in-turn pull down your insurance premium costs.

Renew two-wheeler insurance before expiry: Do not wait for the two wheeler insurance policy to expire before you renew it. If you have a lapsed policy, you may need to pay some fees and fines to get a new plan. So always try to renew the policy on time to save money.

Buy online: It is known fact that insurance bought online is cheaper. So buy a two wheeler insurance plan online and save a considerable amount of money.

Choose the right kind of cover: If you have a two wheeler that you use occasionally or is almost on its way out, opt for a third party cover. If however your bike is used daily and is a valuable vehicle, go for a comprehensive plan. Knowing which cover you need will help you save money.

Deductibles: Every two wheeler insurance plan has a deductible component. This means that as the policyholder, you will have to pay certain amount at the time of a claim and the insurance provider will pay the rest. A high deductible will lower your premium costs and vice versa. If you are confident of your driving skills and feel you won’t need too many claims, opt for a higher deductible. This will help you save money on your two wheeler insurance plan.

Compare: Last but not the least, you most definitely need to compare the available car insurance plans to get the best deal at the best rate. This is one of the easiest and quickest ways to save money on your bike insurance plan. Compare when you buy a new plan or renew an existing one.

Top Five Intra Day Trading Tips To Become A Better Trader

In words of Warren Buffet The stock market is a device for transferring money from the impatient to the patient. Let’s read between lines. The investor or trader who is impatient (frequent buy/sell strategy) transfers money to the patient (holding strategy).

Find below herewith five tips which should be followed by a day trader:

Take advice of professional trader

Before one starts day trading it is better to take advice from experienced and expert day trader trainer. Every trainer will have different teaching method and style. See for one who has good teaching method. He should also suit your trading style. They may be ready to teach in their free time. He may charge the fee. As he is spending his free time with you. But it is worth. You can assume that paid fee as an investment, which you need to get knowledge. They are the best share tip providers when you trade.

In future when you grow big, many newbies’s will come to get knowledge from you. At that time you can charge them likewise.

Gather information from financial news

One has to gather news from across the globe. Segregate relevant news, which affects your business. Analyze and set priority which news will most affect your business. Stay updated on news like meetings, change in government policies and rules. Local, national and international news should be followed.

M&A, financial results, entry/exit of members of BOD, etc. These types of related news of the company one have shares in, make sense.

Though the news does not impact a common man but may have an impact on your investment in the concerned company. This news helps to take a smarter decision, especially while trading shares. Through nifty future tips also one can gather information.

Treat trading as any other business

Take day-trading as any other business. It is not a hobby, but a serious business. It is not for fun that one is in day trading. Like any business, it needs devotion and dedication. Trading is a part. One has to devote a lot of time preparing a plan. Study different charts before coming to any conclusion. Follow news on TV, read business magazines, study reports etc. It is a full day activity.

Keep eye on professionals

One should study professionals. What they are buying, when they are selling. For how much time do they hold the script? Since they have experienced one can learn a lot by keeping eyes and ears open and mouth shut. If one makes mistakes, then analysis the mistake. What went wrong and where? You can find them in many share market advisory companies.

Patience

It needs time, energy and devotion to master the skills. As the old saying goes Rome was not built in a day It was destroyed and then rebuild. This process was repeated many times over. Even if one makes loss he has to get up again for a fight.

Traders do not profit all the time. Many a time they incur losses. So one has to be prepared for losses and have patience during the time of loss. Commodity tips are also helpful to know the market trends.

Today’s successful traders were also novice once in a while. They got success by their hard and smart work. They had put in their efforts, made mistakes, but kept up their learning process.

Top 5 Benefits Annuities Can Bring Except The Lifetime Income

Earning a consistent income in their retirement life is a major concern for the seniors approaching their retirement and many of them invest in different annuity insurance plans. These annuities help the insured to receive a guaranteed income for life protects from the fear of outliving their savings. Also, if a senior couple hasn’t saved enough or doesn’t have someone to support after their retirement, these policies help greatly to take care of their daily expenses and maintain a better lifestyle. However, the majority of seniors isn’t aware of all the benefits an annuity can bring. Most of them buy an annuity solely to receive a guaranteed income in their retirement life but the annuities have a lot to offer. Here, we are going to explain five more benefits of a retirement annuity plan that you might not be knowing.

Benefit to your loved ones

At times, seniors pay a long series of premiums to earn them back during their retirement but die at an early age without receiving the complete benefits. Many seniors die soon after their retirement and insurance providers keep their share of investment with themselves. But, the new additional feature allows transferring the benefits to the beneficiaries, if the insured dies early. Along with the immediate annuity plan, you can choose a guaranteed period of 10-20 years that are calculated since the time you start receiving the payments. If you opt for a 20-year guaranteed period with the annuities, your insurer will provide a series of payments for exact 20 years. You can name your spouse or kids as the beneficiary and they will receive the benefits for rest of the period, in case you die early.

Tax deferral on earnings

Most of the investments are applicable for state and federal taxes, but the investments such as interests, annuities, dividends and capital gains earn a tax-deferred status. These investments are tax-free until you withdraw the accumulated amount. The tax-deferral is similar to 401(k)s and IRAs, but there isn’t any limit on the amount and you can put any amount into the annuities that you assume enough to spend your retirement comfortably. Moreover, the minimum withdrawal criteria have more flexibility than that of to 401(k)s and IRAs.

Tax-free investment transfers

Market performs differently at a different time and an investment performing strong today may perform poorly after a certain period. Hence, investors keep transferring their investment amount form one to another fund and there are financial advisors to help with the same. Usually, these investment transfers or rebalancing are applicable for taxes but the annuity retirement plan has no such tax consequences. That means, you can rebalance your investments as per your financial advisor’s suggestion and you won’t have to pay any taxes on that.

Protection from lenders

People take different types of loans to match a better lifestyle and pay the due amount in installments. At times, people reach a stage where they only have the money enough to take care of their fundamental requirements and aren’t able to pay the loan installments. In such cases, if the lender files a lawsuit, they may lose the return on the investments made. Annuities insurance policies also help protect your investment return even if you can’t make the installments. Usually, the premiums you have made to your insurance provider, belongs to them and there are laws that restrict that money to be accessed by the lenders.

Variety of investment options

Insurers help the investors with a range of annuity options at retirement including the fixed and variable one. The first one credits a certain rate of interest on the amount you deposit while with the later, your money is invested in the stock or bonds like mutual funds and provide a return based on the market performance. Also, various insurance providers have introduced different types of floors that set a limit by which your investment value may not fall further. That means, if you have invested in a variable annuity, you return won’t fall below a certain value, despite the fluctuations in the market.

Top 6 Advantages Of Student Loans

It is just a common myth that only the federal loans provided by the UK government are cheaper and easier to repay than the student finance options provided by the private direct lenders. However, if you see the APR and repayment modes, then you come to know that private student loans are the clear winner! Let’s have a quick look at the top 6 advantages of education funds offered by the direct lending companies:

Borrow Short-Term and Long-Term Funds

Whether you are looking for a big amount to complete the higher education course, or need short-term funds, to give just hostel and tuition fees; both options are easily available and you can access the required funds in less than 24 hours without facing any hurdles. You can ask the lender to transfer funds directly to your bank account or deliver to your doorstep.

No Documentation to Waste your Time

The time of a student is very precious and instead of taking stress about the cash, he should focus on studies. Direct lending companies know the importance of young generation in the development of the UK and hence they offer paper free student loans plans. You are not required to submit your last class mark sheet or the address proof.

Apply Online in Just 2 Minutes

You don’t have to bunk classes or take leaves from the college, just open your laptop or smartphone and apply for the student finance loans on any reliable direct lending website. You would need just 2 minutes to complete the online application procedure. No hard copies or soft copies are required.

Avail Funds with No Guarantor

Students don’t have a big network to arrange a guarantor. They are dedicated towards their studies and interact less with people. Arranging a guarantor is an embarrassing task for them as people are not ready to co-sign their application. They can easily access student education loans with no guarantor and no broker by applying to a reliable direct lender.

No Hurdle of Bad Credit History

Some students have bad credit issues due to pending credit card bills or some other reasons. Banks and conventional lending companies don’t entertain their funding requests. However, they can easily secure the cash by applying student loans to a bad-credit friendly lender. There are no hidden charges. You can compare various deals and grab the best one with the lowest APR.

Easy and Flexible Repayment Modes

Everybody knows that a student can’t repay funds during his education time. He doesn’t have a steady source of income. Direct lenders offer various student repayment plans that can be chosen as per comfort. You can either start repaying in installments from the next month or repay the total debt in instalments after completing your education.

Access to Finance Functions – Should Project Managers Have It?

“Nobody touches my accounts!” A statement often heard when planning implementations of integrated job costing and accounting solutions in organisations that previously ran separate systems for these. Finance teams are adamant that nobody outside of their team should be able to trigger any accounts postings.

What on first sight appears to be a valid concern by the finance department is nevertheless in many cases already being overtaken by reality in their current procedures.

It’s not an issue where job managers generate job budgets or purchase orders, which don’t create postings to the GL. But project managers often have the responsibility already to generate documents like sales invoices and send them out to their clients – rather than just drafting them – with the finance department then only recording those invoices in their financial software. The detail that these project managers don’t actually have write access to the financial software doesn’t alter the fact that the documents that they send out are legally binding documents and thus have to be recorded in the accounts. If a mistake has been made in any of those invoices, the wrong invoice still has to be recorded by the finance team and be corrected by generating a credit note and amended invoice.

Because of that reality in their current systems it would be paradox to introduce an integrated system with the purpose of streamlining the workflow and reducing the duplication of data entry, but then restrict the functionality job managers have access to, thus reversing these benefits. That is why many companies decide to give their project managers access to functions such as AR Invoicing, having put in place precautions to minimise the possibility for errors:

When the software is set up initially, accounts departments are able to construct the system in a way that postings to the accounts are under the complete control of the software and cannot be overwritten by project managers. Looking again at the example of a sales invoice, it is usually only a case of setting up a link to one GL account for the debit transactions (Accounts Receivables or Debtors) and – depending on the state – one or two for the credit postings (Sales Revenue and Tax*). If the integrated software does not give project managers the option to overwrite any of those codes, there is a good argument for them to be able to enter sales invoices.

If – in addition to the example of an AR invoice – users are also responsible for deciding which job related bought-in costs are covered by this invoice, there is not much to say against giving them access to this part of the accounts posting either. In many enterprises that use separate accounts- and job costing-systems the finance team will ask project managers anyway for details of what is and what is not yet covered by AR invoices (what stays in or comes out of WIP). Therefore again if project managers are restricted from overwriting the system controlled GL accounts for Work in Progress or Cost of Sales, letting them decide on a job level what should be transferred, will increase workflow with the risk of mispostings minimised.

There will of course always be individual cases of users who require – initial – handholding by the finance team and the finance team has to retain overall control and responsibility. There will always be human errors, but mistakes also happen within accounts departments AND mistakes can be corrected.

Companies that have given this kind of access to their project managers have all experienced an increase in work economy. Financial managers can spend more time managing finances rather than inputting data and project managers see an increase in their job responsibility and work satisfaction.

Summarising all the points outlined above, the answer to the question in the title has to be: It makes much sense when introducing an integrated job costing and accounting solution to give users outside of the finance department limited access to financial functions, if they have been laid out in the system and the system has been set up with a strict control over them.